warm water effluent analyzed as a buoyant surface jet by Edmund A. Prych

Cover of: warm water effluent analyzed as a buoyant surface jet | Edmund A. Prych

Published by Sveriges Meteorologiska och Hydrologiska Institut in Stockholm .

Written in English

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Statementby Edmund A.Pryck ; [utgivat av] Sveriges Meteorologiska ochHydrologiska Institut.
SeriesNotiser och preliminära rapporter. Serie hydrologi -- 21.
ContributionsSveriges Meteorologiska och Hydrologiska Institut.
The Physical Object
Paginationvii, 86 s
Number of Pages86
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21109229M

Download warm water effluent analyzed as a buoyant surface jet

Buoyant surface discharges into ambient water bodies can exhibit multiple complex flow processes, which cover the spatial range from the near field with initial jet mixing to the far field with. A warm water effluent analyzed as a buoyant surface jet Svergis Meterologiska Och Hydrologiska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

Rajaratnam, N. Turbulent jets Theory of turbulent jets. Highlights Negatively buoyant effluent discharged through a rectangular surface channel is examined.

The mixing behavior of the flow has been analyzed. Plume trajectories and geometries have been determined. Differences were observed in the flow behavior prior to its plunging away from the free surface. Results provide information that can be used for the design of dense surface Cited by: The channels were activated to discharge jet fluid tangentially at a constant depth of m into the ambient water surface.

After the experiments, data analysis was carried out through image routing. Prych E () A warm water effluent analyzed as a buoyant surface jet. Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute Rep 21 Google Scholar Tollmien W () Berechnung turbulenter : A.

Murota, K. Nakatsuji. An attempt has been made to analyze the turbulent diffusion, transfer, and mixing of a warm submerged jet discharged horizontally into a body of water of different temperature in a river or lake.

When a jet of heated effluent is discharged into a receiving body of water at some depth below its surface, it rises as a plume to the surface and. An attempt has been made to analyze the turbulent diffusion, transfer, and mixing of a warm submerged jet discharged horizontally into a body of water of different temperature in a river or lake.

When a jet of heated effluent is discharged into a receiving body of water at some depth below its surface, it rises as a plume to the surface and then spreads laterally and longitudinally at the free.

This paper presents a numerical study on the kinematics of buoyant round jets in a wave environment. A buoyant round jet was horizontally discharged at the mid-depth in regular waves using three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations with the standard κ − ε turbulence model.

Three kinds of effluent with various densities were used for the jets. The water exiting a reef pass is a special case of a surface‐buoyant jet in the coastal environment. Many studies have explored surface‐buoyant discharges [e.g., McGuirk and Rodi, ; Baddour and Chu, ; Nash and Jirka, ; Horner‐Devine, ; Chant, ]; while this work is applicable to the wave‐driven jet, the additional factor of the jet exiting adjacent to a reef crest.

Surface discharges of negatively buoyant jets into moving ambient water create a range of complex flow patterns. These complexities arise through the interplay between the discharge’s initial fluxes and the motion of the ambient current.

In this study a series of laboratory experiments were conducted for negatively buoyant surface discharges into crossflow to investigate flow patterns under. Buoyant Surface Discharges into Water Bodies. II: Jet Integral Model Analysis of Turbulent Buoyant Jet in Density‐Stratified Water.

Journal of Environmental Engineering August Show more Show less Numerical models, Numerical analysis, Numerical methods, Jets (fluid), Turbulent flow, Walls, Hydrologic models Journal of. A constant heat flux has been maintained on the bottom surface of the room. The buoyancy causes flow to enter through the bottom opening and leave through the top opening.

The shadowgraph technique is used for visualization. At the inlet, a negatively buoyant jet is observed, whereas a positively buoyant jet is observed at the outlet. A horizontal, buoyant, slot jet in stagnant, ambient fluid. u a == 0, F.

= 30 J The 2 -footwide flume in section used for experiments with a horizontal, buoyant slot jet. 32 Section of the 6 -inchwide flume with slot detail used for experiments with a buoyant slot jet.

34 Two-layerstratified flow system. 35 An arrested surface wedge. The evolution of positively buoyant jets was studied with non-intrusive techniques—Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Laser Induce Fluorescence (LIF)—by analyzing four physical tests in their four characteristic zones: momentum dominant zone (jet-like), momentum to buoyancy transition zone (jet to plume), buoyancy dominant zone (plume-like), and lateral dispersion dominant zone.

Water quality criteria Ecological Research Series, Prych, E. A warm water effluent analysis as a buoyant surface jet. Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Series Hydroli, Analysis of buoyant surface jets.

Heat Transfer 98(3). Case ii) For a strongly negatively buoyant jet that tends to rapidly sink towards the bottom, assume the water surface is "sufficiently higher" so that the port elevation (H0) meets the H0 = 1/3 HD criterion.

Evaluate the CORMIX predictions to check for stable discharge configurations that would not interact with the actual water surface. Surface Discharge of Horizontal Warm-Water Jet. This paper reports the results of recent experiments, performed in the laboratory, on the mixing of a heated (buoyant) jet of water being discharged horizontally at the surface of a large body of initially quiescent receiving water.

depth of 20 m below the sea surface. The density of the seawater is assumed to be constant, ρ r = kg/m3. What is the dilution at the jet axis immediately below the water surface and how far from the discharge point will the jet reach the water surface.

Make calculations for an initial jet diameter of D 0 = m and D 0 = m. 01 22 0. In modeling analysis of DOW effluent plume is an energy generation technology that uses cold deep ocean water (DOW) and warm surface water to produce electricity.

A turbulent buoyant jet. The integral equations of mass, energy, and momentum conservation are used. The solution includes the length of the ZFE and the values of jet width, jet orientation, and center line temperature throughout this zone.

The method can predict buoyant jets with three‐dimensional trajectories discharged to flowing stratified ambients. A few studies (Brocard, ; Padmanabhan, ) performed site-specific model investigations of coastal cooling-water discharges, which qualitatively show the unsteady jet deflection that decreases as the tidal velocity diminishes, the build-up of a buoyant pool near slack conditions, front formation, and the re-entrainment of mixed effluent.

For vertical positively buoyant jets, Lee et al. () investigated various combinations of the densimetric Froude number and nozzle submergence and suggested dF=H ¼ as a criterion to. where C e is the solute concentration in the effluent [kg.m-3 or %]; C r is the background concentration in the receiving water [kg.m-3 or %]; DF is the dilution factor [dimensionless]; VF e is the volume friction of effluent in a sample at some sampling point in the effluent plume; k is the first order reaction coefficient [s-1] and t is the.

Studies were made on a surface buoyant jet from a coastal power plant. The cooling water discharges into shallow waters of irregular bottom topography forming a partially enclosed embayment that connects to the open ocean.

Near field mixing was found to be influenced by bottom bathymetry, lateral confinement and a large obstruction. A surface buoyant jet formed as a vertically ascending buoyant plume spreads radially after contact with a free water surface is considered. In the case of a plume spreading in a water medium beneath the water-air interface the presence of three characteristic zones in the spreading jet has been experimentally shown: a zone of linear expansion of the lower jet boundary, a zone of constant jet.

Elevated convection occurs on the cool side of a warm front, behind a cold front, near the circulation of a mid-latitude cyclone, in association with an upper level low and in cases where a jet streak or vort max forces air from the mid-levels of the atmosphere to the upper levels of the atmosphere (not necessarily all the way from the surface).

reaching either a level of neutral buoyancy or the ocean surface. It undergoes a number of physical, water channel for about 2 km, the warm water travels a distance of km to reach the Ennore creek and for the effluent flow to rise (i.e.

positive buoyancy) or to fall (i.e. negative buoyancy. For an offshore outfall (deep water) the initial dilution is brought about by the entrainment of clean seawater when effluent is jetted out in the receiving water body.

The degree of entrainment is related to the shear between the plume and the adjacent water, which is a function of the momentum and the buoyancy of the effluent jet. The near-field mixing was analyzed in four zones: the free jet zone, the jet surface-impingement zone, the merging zone, and the vertical mixing zone.

Analytical models were proposed to derive the three-dimensional concentration field after the jets impinged the water surface. In shallow water it is likely that a portion of this dilution will have to be achieved in the radially spreading surface region of the jet.

The degree of dilution obtained in the radial surface buoyant jet region will depend upon the buoyancy and velocity of the effluent, and the depth of water available. Buoyant surface discharges into ambient water bodies can exhibit multiple complex flow processes, which cover the spatial range from the near field with initial jet mixing to the far field with passive ambient diffusion.

The near-field region of a buoyant surface discharge into water bodies often displays significant jet-like motions in form of free jets, shoreline-attached jets, and wall jets, respectively, as classified by the CORMIX3 expert system [see Jones et al., (, Paper I)].

The paper reports on measurements of the flow generated by a plane buoyant jet discharging vertically into shallow water. The study comprises visualization experiments, mean-velocity and turbulence measurements with a two-channel laser-Doppler anemometer and temperature measurements with thermistor probes.

"Buoyant Surface Discharges into Water Bodies. I: Flow Classification and Prediction Methodology". Journal of Hydraulic Engineering-asce - J HYDRAUL ENG-ASCE. /(ASCE)()(). An experimental study was performed to investigate the behavior of inclined negatively buoyant jets.

Such jets arise when brine is discharged from desalination plants. A turbulent jet with a specific salinity was discharged through a circular nozzle at an angle to the horizontal into a tank with fresh water and the spatial evolution of the jet was recorded.

Four different initial jet. Figure 6: The fluid pipe generated by a falling water jet impinging on a contaminated water reservoir. The field of stationary capillary waves is excited above the fluid pipe. The grid at right is millimetric. where ∆σ is the surface tension differential between the jet and reservoir, V is the jet speed at the top of the fluid pipe, and δ.

() evaluated the jet trajectory distribution of the circular jet discharging in a trapezoidal channel. Physical model included a sloped bed which was covered with gravel to approximate the roughness of Detroit River.

Both buoyant and non-buoyant cases were discharged at surface and in the water. The problem considered here is the vertical discharge of round negatively buoyant jets through a horizontal crossflow.

Laboratory experiments are performed in a flume: fresh water is emitted vertically through warm water. Temperature measurements are undertaken along verticals in the jet axis. Computational Domain and Boundary Conditions. Based on parameters of experimental conditions from Sha [], the verification model was established to verify the reliability of the numerical simulation geometry of the simulated chamber with high-temperature annular buoyant jets was shown in Figure dimension was 5 m (length) × 5 m (width) × 5 m (height).

Environmental standards and their implementation in different countries are reviewed for point source discharges into surface waters. The paper focuses on the analysis of existing mixing zone regulations and recommends procedures to develop and manage mixing zone definitions as required by recent amendments of the ‘combined approach' of the European Community water framework directive.

Literature Review 18 U/u Surface Buoyant Jets After a vertical buoyant jet reaches the surface, it starts to spread in the direction of the crossflow. Following Lee & Jirka's () classification, the third region of the flow (immediately after the surface impringement region), is very similar to the flow of a surface buoyant.temperature data.

Tilted isotherms near the outlet indicate lateral surface spreading caused by the buoyancy of the warm water effluent. Other irregulari­ ties in isotherm patterns probably reflect secondary motions caused by irregular river morphology.

No jet effect of significance at the outlet and no wind effect on the.An expert system, CORMIX1, was developed to predict the dilution and trajectory of a single buoyant discharge into an unstratified aquatic environment with and without crossflow.

The system uses knowledge and inference rules obtained from hydrodynamic experts to classify and predict buoyant jet .

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